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暗眼种
Darkeyes
其他
译名
台译 深眸人
世界 柔刹
涉及
书目
飓光志
文化概况
类型 人种
关联 阿勒斯卡

暗眼种Darkeyes是指眼睛颜色为深色,如褐色或黑色的人类,这样的人在沃林教国家里是平民和奴仆,社会地位较低,受光眼种统治。[1]

概述

根据沃林教义,所有的光眼种生来即为贵族,他们比暗眼种具有更高的社会地位。这是一种基于眼睛颜色而制定的阶级体制。尽管如此,高级的暗眼种实际上要比一个低级的光眼种更有影响力,也更加富有。高等的暗民甚至被允许与低等的光民结合。

任何一个拥有深色眼睛的人都是暗眼种,他们的眼睛通常为褐色,抑或黑色。不过,暗眼还包含了其他颜色,那些暗沉的、含糊不清的颜色,除非在特定的角度和光线下,否则看起来都是褐色或黑色。[1]

Overview

A wealthy and high-ranking darkeyes (of the first or second nahn) is addressed by the title Citizen.[2] Darkborn is a term used to address a darkeyed person, though it is used very rarely. Darkborn is used only by a higher ranking lighteyed person addressing a darkeyed person, and its usage seems to imply either contempt or an obvious difference in status.

Changing eye color

Permanently changing one's birth eye color is generally not possible. However, two exceedingly rare methods are currently known to change one's eye color.

It is a well-known legend within Vorin society that if a man wins a Shardblade on the battlefield, he will become a lighteyes, regardless of his previous station in life.[3] This would also be accompanied with a promotion to the fourth dahn for the Shardbearer. This legend, though a foundation of Vorin society, went untested for centuries, until Kaladin Stormblessed won a full set of Shards and gifted them to his lieutenant, Moash. Upon receiving the Shards, Moash's eyes did indeed lighten, from a dark brown to a tan color.[4] It is unknown if this effect is permanent or only temporary while the holder is in possession of his Shards.

A second and even rarer method of becoming a lighteyes is to become either a Surgebinder or Knight Radiant. According to Skar, Kaladin's eyes changed while fighting to save Dalinar during the Battle of the Tower, although it was only for a short moment, as other men still recognize him as a darkeyes during the fight.[5] During this battle, Kaladin only said up to the Second Ideal of the Immortal Words and did not recognize himself as a Knight Radiant. Later, during the Battle of Narak, after Kaladin says the Third Ideal of the Immortal Words and recognizes himself as a true Knight Radiant, his eyes permanently turn pale blue, lighter than any king.[6]

Origins

It is speculated that the distinction between lighteyes and darkeyes this stems from the Knights Radiant. The Knights Radiant all used Surgebinding and Shards, which granted them light-colored eyes even if they didn't have them at birth. Because the weapons and magic that the Radiants wielded were so superior, the belief that light colored eyes being superior to dark colored ones came to be.

Hoid thinks that he should be amused by the import given to the color of one's eyes, but he isn't, since he has seen other arbitrary systems of governance; additionally, he recalls that there is a good reason why the belief in lighteyes came to be.[7]

暗民

暗民Nahn)是一种把暗眼种划分为十个阶级的等级系统,[8]一等为最高贵,十等为最低贱。在沃林教国家,暗眼种处于被统治的地位,因此即使是一等暗民也比十等光民的等级要低。[5] 此种阶级对一个人的社会地位以及工作都有重大影响,但并不绝对。例如暗眼种的卡拉丁也可以在达力拿军中出任队长,统领手下很多光眼种士兵。[9]

Those at the highest levels of nahn enjoyed relative comfort and wealth while those at the lowest level of nahn would be serfs restricted from being able to freely travel.

At the first and most prestigious nahn, one is even worthy of marrying into a lighteyed family.[10] At the second nahn, one could also potentially marry into a lighteyed family.[11] These two nahns are confirmed to be full citizens with the right of travel.[12]

While those at the lowest level of nahn without the right of travel are essentially serfs tied to the land they are currently on, this is relatively rare. Many more people are at the slightly higher levels of nahn that include the right of travel.[13]

Protections and privileges

There are some protections built into the system of nahn to prevent abuse by lighteyes.

The first is the the right of travel, which is assumed to be included with most nahns. To not possess that right would imply that one or one's ancestors had committed some wrongdoing.[13] The right of travel allows a darkeyed person to leave a town being ruled poorly by the citylord.[13] If the town experiences a substantial loss of persons, the citylord may be stripped of his position and be demoted in dahn.[13]

The second known protection is exemption from military conscription for those who are of sufficient nahn and provide an essential function to a town.[14] It is known that a second nahn surgeon and his only apprentice, also of second nahn, are exempt from military conscription.[14]

Moving between ranks

Moving between ranks is a fairly fluid and common occurrence, except for the very highest ranks, which are harder to attain.[13] The structure of the nahn system pushes people towards "stable ranks," which are ranks in which the child automatically inherits the same rank as their parents.[13]

Joining the army is one way to permanently increase the nahn of a person and their children; for example, if a very low-ranked darkeye joins the army, he would most likely receive an immediate one nahn increase.[13] Another way to increase one's nahn is to buy yourself up a rank, although this only works at the lower ranks of nahn.[13]

There is also an extremely rare method to change ranks out of the nahn system and into the dahn system. By becoming a Shardbearer, regardless of method and whether one is darkeyed or not, one immediately raises his rank to the fourth dahn.[15] This was accomplished for the first time in generations when Kaladin Stormblessed was granted a full set of Shards and, instead of claiming them for himself, gifted them to his subordinate Moash.

Inheritance of nahn

The nahn of a darkeyed child is influenced by the nahn that his parents hold. Generally, the child's nahn will be equivalent to the highest nahn that either of his parents hold.[13] For example, a child from a union of a fourth nahn husband and fifth nahn wife would be fourth nahn.

However, for those of very high nahn, the children might slip down in rank until they hit a stable rank.

Notable darkeyes

First nahn

Second nahn

Sixth nahn

称谓

暗眼种不允许挑选姓氏,一般只使用一个简单的名字。在正式场合,通称“XX(父亲之名)之子XX”或“XX(父亲之名)之女XX”。[14]

  • 男子:暂无
  • 女子:女暗民(nanha[17]

一位暗眼种假如成为光眼种,则允许挑选姓氏。做法有二:一是可以自立门户,二是可以加入某现有家族。[15]

等级

All darkeyes are not equal, however. There are ten different levels, or 'nahns', of darkeyes. For example, Kaladin's family is considered to be 'of the second nahn'.

A similar system is used to classify lighteyes. Instead of 'nahn', however, they use 'dahn'. A darkeyes of the first nahn can actually be more influential and wealthy than a lighteyes of the tenth dahn, although technically, the lighteyes is of a higher ranking. A darkeyes of one of the higher nahns is permitted to wed a lighteyes of a lower dahn.

It is strongly implied that it is a Vorin tradition. As such, countries that do not follow Vorinism generally don't have eye colour based classes. Sigzil points out numerous other systems of governance.[18] Therefore, it stands to reason that it is not a universally recognized racial classification system.

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